Oral hygiene and prevention
Oral hygiene is the branch of dentistry dealing with prevention of oral and dental disorders by controlling and preserving the correct patient oral hygiene state. Oral hygiene is a procedure which has to be performed periodically, according to each patient’s individual needs.
The maintenance of a correct and careful oral hygiene, both at home and through periodic visits with the professional hygienist, is fundamental to achieve and preserving the optimal health of the oral cavity over time. Often oral hygiene is neglected, leading to pathologies featuring different degrees of severity, from gingivitis (a superficial inflammation of the gingival tissue), to much worse cases as parodontitis, also called pyorrhea (a deep inflammation of tissues supporting the teeth: alveolar bone, cementum and periodontal fibers). This pathology is treated with site-specific not surgical periodontal interventions aimed to detoxify the periodontal tissues. In most severe cases, periodontal surgery is needed too.
This implies that a correct, early periodontal diagnosis can avoid the development of such disorders and many other affections of the inner oral cavity. There’s a direct link between oral and general health states. Many scientific studies have shown that home and professional oral hygiene allows for a significant reduction in the onset of systemic disorders. By using advanced methodologies and cutting edge devices, as ultrasounds, perio-flow, nitrous oxide, skill of the dental hygienist, together with the fundamental patient compliance, best results are planned and achieved. Procedures during a standard oral hygiene session are as follows: first an ultrasound tartar remover is applied and then manual scaling is performed in order to eliminate effectively tartar over and below the gum.
Then air-flow is applied and, with a prophylactic paste, a polishing rubber tip is used to eliminate teeth creases and exogenous pigmentation, making teeth perfectly polished and smooth. The final application of fluorine aims to remineralize the tooth enamel, in order to reduce hypersensitivity and the onset of caries. In the most compromised cases, when the periodontal disease affects also the deep gingival and bone tissue, root smoothing and scaling (inflammatory tissue removal), after administering local anesthetics, are necessary.
After assessing the periodontal state severity through periodontal probing, and after acquiring intraoral X-rays, subgingival tartar removal is performed, followed by periodontal pocket detoxification through antiseptic drugs, like Chlorhexidine.
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